Feminist Art Resources

This section is intended to help students, scholars and those interested in learning more about Judy Chicago and her work, Through the Flower and feminist art.

Female symbol

Listed resources are grouped in five main categories and are intended to serve as introductory background material for more detailed research.

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Books and Essays by Judy Chicago

Written material by Judy Chicago, grouped by project

Beyond the Flower: The Autobiography of a Feminist Artist
New York: Viking/Penguin Books, 1996, available from TTF Shop
Through the Flower: My Struggle as a Woman Artist
New York: Doubleday, 1975; (reprint) iUniverse, 2006, available from TTF Shop
The Dinner Party: Restoring Women to History
New York: The Monacelli Press, 2014, available from TTF Shop
The Dinner Party: From Creation to Preservation
London: Merrell Publishers Ltd , 2007, available from TTF Shop
The Dinner Party
New York: Viking/Penguin Books, 1996
Judy Chicago: The Dinner Party
Germany: Atheneum, 1987
Embroidering our Heritage: The Dinner Party Needlework
New York: Doubleday/Anchor Books, 1980, available from TTF Shop
The Dinner Party: A Symbol of Our Heritage
New York: Doubleday/Anchor Books, 1979
The Birth Project
New York: Doubleday/Anchor, 1985, check TTF shop for availability
Holocaust Project: From Darkness to Light
New York: Viking/Penguin Books, 1993, hardcover and paperback available from TTF Shop
Kitty City: A Feline Book of Hours
New York: Harper Design International, 2005, available from TTF Shop
Fragments From the Delta of Venus
New York: PowerHouse Books, 2004, available from TTF Shop
Institutional Time: A Critique of Studio Art Education
New York: The Monacelli Press, 2014, available from TTF Shop
Women, Art and Society: A Tribute to Virginia Woolf
London: The Black-E, 2012, available from TTF Shop
Face to Face: Frida Kahlo
Judy Chicago and Frances Borzello; New York: Prestel Publishing, 2010, available from TTF Shop
Women and Art: Contested Territory
Judy Chicago and Edward Lucie-Smith; New York: Watson-Guptill, 1999

Selected Essays Available Online

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Books and Catalogs About Judy Chicago

Written material about Judy Chicago and selected exhibition catalogs for her work

Books

Borzello, Frances. Seeing Ourselves: Women’s Self Portraits. London: Thames and Hudson, 1998.

Chan, Katherine, ed. with Tim Nye, Lexi Brown, Judy Chicago. Judy Chicago: Deflowered, with essays by Lucy Lippard (reprinted from 1974 interview in ArtForum) and Saul Ostrow. Los Angeles: Nye + Brown/Foundation 2021, 2013, available from TTF Shop.

Dickson, Rachel, ed. Judy Chicago: And Louise Bourgeois, Helen Chadwick, Tracey Emin, with essays by Judy Batalion, Frances Borzello, Diane Gelon, Alexandra Kokoli, Andrew Perchuk and Rachel Dickson, photography by Donald Woodman. London: Lund Humphries, 2012, available from TTF Shop.

Fields, Jill, ed. Entering the Picture: Judy Chicago, the Fresno Feminist Art Program, and the Collective Visions of Women Artists, collection of essays. New York: Routledge , 2011.

Gerhard, Jane. The Dinner Party: Judy Chicago and the Power of Popular Feminism. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 2013, paperback available from TTF shop.

Jones, Amelia and Cottingham, Laura, eds. Sexual Politics: Judy Chicago’s Dinner Party in Feminist Art History, with essays by Laura Cottingham, Amelia Jones, Susan Kandel, Anette Kubitza, Laura Meyer and Nancy Ring. Los Angeles: UCLA at the Armand Hammer Museum of Art and Cultural Center in association with the University of California Press, Berkeley, 1996.

Levin, Gail. Becoming Judy Chicago: A Biography of the Artist. New York: Harmony Books, 2007, available from TTF Shop.

Lippard, Lucy R., Lucie-Smith, Edward and Thompson, Viki D. Judy Chicago: An American Vision. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications, 2002, available from TTF Shop.

Meyer, Laura and Wilding, Faith. A Studio of Their Own: The Legacy of the Fresno Feminist Experiment. California: Press at the California State University, Fresno, 2009, available from TTF Shop.

Sackler, Elizabeth A., ed. Judy Chicago, with essays by Lucy R. Lippard, Viki D. Thompson Wylder, Edward Lucie- Smith. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications, 2002.

Additional related reading material about Judy Chicago can be found at The Judy Chicago Art Education Collection hosted by Penn State University. Finding Aid at library

Information about Judy Chicago’s Art Pedagogy can be found on Participatory Art Pedagogy, (informed by feminist principles), an analysis of Judy Chicago’s teaching methods by Dr. Karen Keifer Boyd, Penn State University.

Additional information about Judy Chicago documenting her personal and professional lives, and materials pertaining to Chicago’s artworks is available at the Schlesinger Library for the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University. Finding Aid at library

Recent interviews and articles can be found on the Judy Chicago website, as well as on Through the Flower’s Facebook page, which are both updated frequently.

Catalogs

ReViewing PowerPlay
David Richard Gallery, Santa Fe, NM, 2012. Essay by Dr. Jonathan D. Katz. Click here for digital version. Hard copy available from David Richard Gallery.
Judy Chicago Tapestries: Woven by Audrey Cowan
Museum of Modern Arts and Design, New York, NY, 2011. Essay by David McFadden, Chief Curator, Museum of Arts and Design.
Judy Chicago: Jewish Identity
Hebrew Union College Museum, New York, NY 2010. Essays by Jean Block Rosensaft, Laura Kruger and Gail Levin.
Judy Chicago: The Toby Heads
LewAllen Contemporary, Santa Fe, NM, 2010. Essay by Laura Addison, Curator, New Mexico Museum of Art.
When Women Rule the World: Judy Chicago in Thread
Art Gallery of Calgary and the Textile Museum of Canada, Calgary, 2009, available from TTF Shop.
History in the Making: The Dinner Party
LewAllen Contemporary, Santa Fe, NM, 2007.
Chicago in Glass
LewAllen Contemporary, Santa Fe, NM, 2006. Essay by David McFadden, Curator, Museum of Arts and Design.
Judy Chicago: Minimalism, 1965 – 1973
LewAllen Contemporary, Santa Fe, NM, 2004. Essay by Jenni Sorkin.
Judy Chicago: Fragments from the Delta of Venus and Other Femmerotica: A Thirty-Five Year Survey
ACA Galleries, New York, NY 2004. Essay by Gail Levin, available from TTF Shop.
Judy Chicago
Flanders Art Catalogue, Flanders, MI, 2000, available from TTF Shop.
Thinking About Trees
Rockford College Art Gallery, Rockford, IL, 1999. Essay by Edward Lucie Smith, available from TTF Shop.
Judy Chicago, Trials and Tributes
Florida State University Museum of Fine Arts, Museum Press, Tallahassee, FL, 1999, available from TTF Shop.
PowerPlay
ACA Galleries, New York, NY, 1985. Essay by Paula Harper, digital reprint available from TTF shop
Judy Chicago: The Second Decade 1973 – 1983
ACA Galleries, New York, NY, 1984, digital edition available from TTF Shop.
By Our Own Hands
by Faith Wilding; Double X, California, 1977, available from TTF Shop.
Womanhouse
by Judy Chicago and Miriam Shapiro, California Institute of the Arts, 1972, digital reprint, available from TTF Shop.
Collapse Related Readings in Feminist Art

Related Readings in Feminist Art

Introductory material on feminist art

Feminist Art Resources

Broude, Norma and Garrard, Mary, eds. The Power of Feminist Art: The American Movement of the 1970's, History and Impact. New York: H.N. Abrams, 1994.

Broude, Norma and Garrard, Mary, eds. Reclaiming Female Agency: Feminist Art History after Post Modernism. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, and London, England: University of California Press, Ltd., 2005.

Carson, Fiona and Pajaczkowska, Claire, eds. Feminist Visual Culture. New York: Routledge, 2001.

Chadwick, Whitney. Women Artists and the Surrealist Movement. Boston, MA: Little & Brown, 1991.

Cottingham, Laura. (Video recording, writer and director.) Not for Sale: Feminism and Art in the USA During the 1970's. Video. New York: Hawkeye Production, 1998. Not for Sale: Feminism and Art in the USA During the 1970's. Book. London: Routledge, 2000.

Hammond, Harmony. Lesbian Art in America: A Contemporary History. New York: Rizzoli, 2000.

Hammond, Harmony. Wrappings: Essays on Feminism, Art, and the Martial Arts. New York: TSL Press, 1984.

Lippard, Lucy R. The Pink Glass Swan: Selected Essays on Feminist Art. New York: New York Press, 1995.

Parker, Rozsika and Pollock, Griselda, eds. Framing Feminism: Art and the Women's Movement, 1970-1985. New York: Routledge, 1987.

Parker, Rozsika and Pollock, Griselda, eds. Old Mistresses: Women, Art and Ideology. Reprint, illustrated, revised. Oakland, CA: Pandora Press (Unwin Hyman), 1991.

Sawelson-Gorse, Naomi, ed. Women in Dada: Essays on Sex, Gender, and Identity. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001.

Shohat, Ella, ed. Talking Visions: Multicultural Feminism in a Transnational Age. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 2001.

Feminist Aesthetics Resources

Baumgardner, Jennifer and Richards, Amy. Manifesta: Young Women, Feminism, and the Future. Tenth edition. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2010.

de Beauvoir, Simone; Borde, Constance and Malovany-Chevallier, Sheila, trans. The Second Sex. New York: Vintage Books, a division of Random House, Inc., 2012.

Beckett, Wendy. Contemporary Women Artists. Ann Arbor: Universe Books, The University of Michigan Press, 1988.

Betterton, Rosemary. Intimate Distance: Women, Artists and the Body. London: Routledge, 1966.

Bloom, Lisa, ed. With Other Eyes: Looking at Race and Gender in Visual Culture. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1999.

Bobo, Jacqueline. Black Feminist Cultural Criticism. Vol. 3, KeyWorks in Cultural Studies. Malden, MA and Oxford, UK:: Blackwell Publishers, 2001.

Boston Women's Health Book Collective. Our Bodies Ourselves for the New Century. Paperback, a Touchstone book. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1998.

Broude, Norma and Garrard, Mary D., eds. The Expanding Discourse: Feminism and Art History. Boulder: Westview Press, 1992.

Broude, Norma and Garrard, Mary D., eds. Feminism and Art History: Questioning the Litany. New York: Harper and Row, 1982.

Brownmiller, Susan. In Our Time: Memoir of a Revolution. New York: Dell Publishing, a division of Random House, Inc., 2000.

Chadwick, Whitney. Women, Art, and Society. Fifth Edition, World of Art, Paperback. London: Thames & Hudson, 2012.

Cottingham, Laura, ed. Seeing Through the Seventies: Essays on Feminism and Art. London: Routledge Harwood, 2000.

de Zegher, Catherine, ed. Inside the Visible: An Elliptical Traverse of Twentieth Century Art In, Of, and From the Feminine. Second Edition, Paperback. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1996.

Deepwell, Katy, ed. New Feminist Art Criticsm: Critical Strategies. Women's Art Library, Paperback. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 1995.

Deepwell, Katy, ed. Women Artists and Modernism. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press and New York: distributed exclusively in the USA by St. Martin's Press, 1998.

Faludi, Susan. Backlash: The Undeclared War Against American Women. New York: Three Rivers Press, an imprint of Crown Publishing, a division of Random House, Inc., 1991, 2009.

Frueh, Joanna; Langer, Cassandra and Raven, Arlene, eds. New Feminist Criticism: Art, Identity, Action. Icon Editions. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1994.

Gaze, Delia, ed. Dictionary of Women Artists. London and Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1977.

Girls, Guerrilla (Group of Artists). The Guerrilla Girls' Bedside Companion to the History of Western Art. New York: Penguin Books, 1998.

Jones, Amelia. The Feminism and Visual Culture Reader. Sight: Visual Culture. London: Routledge, 2003.

Keifer-Boyd, Karen. Women, Art in the 21st Century. In M. Z. Stange, C. K. Oyster, J. G. Golson (Editors), The Multimedia Encyclopedia of Women in Today's World (pp. 89-93). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 2011

Keifer- Boyd, Karen. Visual culture and gender constructions. The International Journal of Arts Education, 8(1) 1-44 (In English 1 -24, & Chinese 25 – 44), ISSN 1728-175X. 2010

Lerner, Gerda. The Creation of Feminist Consciousness: From the Middle Ages to Eighteen-seventy. New York:Oxford University Press, 1998.

Lippard, Lucy R. From the Center: Feminist Essays on Women's Art. New York: Dutton & Co., 1976.

Mulvey, Laura. Visual and Other Pleasures. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

Nochlin, Linda. Women, Art, and Power: And Other Essays. New York: Harper & Row, 1988.

Parker, Rozsika and Pollock, Griselda. Old Mistresses: Women, Art and Ideology. Reprint, illustrated, revised. Oakland, Pandora Press (Unwin Hyman), 1991.

Pollock, Griselda. Differencing the Canon: Feminist Desire and the Writing of Art's Histories. Revisions (Critical Studies in the History and Theory of Art). London, New York and Canada: Routledge, 1999.

Raven, Arlene; Langer, Cassandra and Frueh, Joanna; eds. Feminist Art Criticism: An Anthology. (Studies in Fine Arts Criticism series). First edition, Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1988. Icon Editions, paperback, New York: Harper Collins, 1991.

Schor, Mira. Wet: On Painting, Feminism, and Art Culture. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1997.

Woolf, Virginia. A Room of One's Own. Ontario, Canada; Orchard Park, New York; Lancashire, England and Rozelle, Australia: Broadview Press, 2001.

Feminist Theory Resources

Brand, Peggy Zeglin and Korsmeyer, Carolyn, eds. Feminism and Tradition in Aesthetics. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995.

Gardiner, Judith Kegan, ed. Masculinity Studies and Feminist Theory: New Directions. New York: Columbia University Press, 2002.

Gilligan, Carol. In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women's Development. Thirty-eighth printing. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003.

hooks, bell. Feminism is for Everybody: Passionate Politics. London: Pluto Press, 2000.

hooks, bell. Feminist Theory: From Margin to Center. Second edition. London: Pluto Press, 2000.

hooks, bell. Teaching to Transgress. New York: Routledge, 1994.

Lerner, Gerda. Living with History/Making Social Change. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.

Lerner, Gerda. Why History Matters: Life and Thought. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Lerner, Gerda. The Creation of Patriarchy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Mann, Susan Archer. Doing Feminist Theory: From Modernity to Postmodernity. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.

McCann, Carole R. and Kim, Seung-kyung, eds. Feminist Theory Reader: Local and Global Perspectives. Second and third editions. New York: Routledge, 2010 and 2013.

Robinson, Hilary, ed. Feminism-art-theory: An Anthology, 1968-2000. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 2001.

Ulrich, Laurel. Well-Behaved Women Seldom Make History. New York: Vintage Books, 2007.

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Video and Audio Materials

Lists project specific and background videos, as well as related links to lecture and video clips

  • Atmospheres: Duration Performances with Fireworks 1969 – 1974
  • Judy Chicago’s The Dinner Party: A Tour of the Exhibition, available from TTF Shop
  • Right Out of History: The Making of Judy Chicago’s The Dinner Party, by Johanna Demetrakas
  • The Birth Project: Vivian Kleiman Productions
  • From Darkness Into Light: Creating the Holocaust Project, available from TTF Shop
  • Resolutions: A Stitch in Time, available from TTF Shop
  • Judy Chicago & the California Girls, historical documentary by and about women, at the birth of the Women’s Art Movement in Fresno, California, 1971. Directed by Judith Dancoff
    www.californiagirlproductions.com
  • Womanhouse, award winning 1974 documentary by Johanna Demetrakas
  • Envisioning the Future, available from TTF Shop
  • No Compromise: Lessons in Feminist Art with Judy Chicago (2002), available from WTIU Television, Indiana University
  • Celebration Sunday, available on YouTube
  • Saturday with Judy, available on YouTube

Additional lectures and video clips posted on the Judy Chicago website.

Additional lectures and video clips posted on YouTube.

An Invitation from Judy Chicago, video of lecture at Penn State symposium, based on her book Institutional Time: A Critique of Studio Art Education.

Additional symposium talks applying Judy Chicago’s pedagogical principles will be found at the Judy Chicago Dialogue Portal at Penn State.

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Collections, Libraries and Organizations

Includes museums and libraries with significant collections of Chicago’s work and related materials; it also lists non-profit organizations dedicated to supporting and preserving the contributions of women in the arts

Judy Chicago Materials - Primary Collections

Schlesinger Library for the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University
Among the Schlesinger Library’s extensive collection documenting second–wave feminism are the correspondence, journals, questionnaires, photographs and textiles relating to Chicago’s artworks, including materials pertaining to the Birth Project, the Holocaust Project and The Dinner Party. Most of the collection is open to researchers, and the searchable finding aid to the collection is available on-line. Finding Aid to library
Penn State University Libraries — The Judy Chicago Art Education Collection
Penn State has acquired one of the most important private collections of feminist art education, The Judy Chicago Art Education Collection, housed in the University Archives in the Special Collections Library. The collection, open to the public, includes videos, photographs and notes on Chicago’s teaching projects and is complemented by The Dinner Party Online Curriculum Project, gifted to Penn State by Through the Flower. Penn State has developed an extensive website devoted to this collection, including the Curriculum, and Chicago’s Art Pedagogy can be found in Participatory Art Pedagogy on this website. Finding Aid to library
Brooklyn Museum
The museum is one of the oldest and largest art museums in the country; it houses the Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art, home of the permanent installation of The Dinner Party. This permanent installation is enhanced by the rotating Herstory Gallery exhibitions relating to the 1038 women honored at the table.
Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art
The Dinner Party is the centerpiece of the Elizabeth A Sackler Center for Feminist Art, which is an exhibition and education environment dedicated to feminist art — its past, present and future. The Center’s mission is to raise awareness of feminism’s cultural contributions, to educate new generations about the meaning of feminist art, as well as to present feminism in an approachable and relevant way. The Sackler Center has detailed online information about The Dinner Party.
ARTstor
This digital library with a database of images in the arts and sciences for research and teaching purposes, has approximately 400 images of Judy Chicago’s work.
Artsy.net
Artsy.net is a free platform to discover, learn about and collect art. Artsy has approximately 15 images of Judy Chicago’s work and a blog where articles and information about Judy Chicago are posted. Primary source for information

Judy Chicago Materials — Other Collections

The Albuquerque Museum of Art and History
The museum has the largest and most representative collection of Birth Project works held by any institution. These works are available by appointment.
The Birth Rites Collection
The BRC has the only collection of contemporary artwork dedicated to the subject of childbirth. In 2012 Through the Flower gifted two Birth Project pieces, where they will be part of a series of tours and exhibitions of the Collection.
Florida State University Art Museum
Through the Flower has donated several Judy Chicago works from the Birth Project, including introductory documentation, text panel and samples; Chicago’s work is also integrated into the curriculum.
Museum of Arts and Design
The museum acquired the cycle of tapestries designed by Chicago and woven by Audrey Cowan, her longtime collaborator, including two major tapestries, The Creation and The Fall, from the Birth Project and the Holocaust Project, five other tapestries, and many of Chicago’s most important cartoons and studies. The museum also houses the archive documenting Audrey’s collaboration with Judy Chicago, providing a behind-the-scenes view of their creative process.
National Museum of Women in the Arts
This is the only museum in the world dedicated exclusively to recognizing the contribution of women of all periods and nationalities, by exhibiting, preserving, acquiring and researching art by women, and by educating the public. The museum is currently working to assemble a representative collection of Chicago’s art. After her death, the museum will be the repository of her visual art archive, including slide files, card files and computerized data base, which will provide documentation of her long career.
New Mexico Museum of Art
A collection of Judy Chicago’s art that focuses on work created in New Mexico is being assembled at the New Mexico Museum of Art.

Related Organizations

A.I.R. Gallery
The first artists-run gallery for women in the US, the organization's goal is to provide a professional and permanent exhibition space for women artists to present work of quality and diversity.
Ceres Gallery
Ceres is a not-for-profit artist run organization dedicated to the promotion of contemporary women in the arts.
The Feminist Art Base
The Feminist Art Base is part of the Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art. This is the first online digital archive dedicated solely to feminist art, with the purpose of raising awareness of feminism’s cultural contributions.
The Feminist Art Project
The Feminist Art Project is an international collaborative initiative celebrating the Feminist Art Movement and the aesthetic, intellectual and political impact of women in the visual arts, art history, and art practice, past and present.
Friends of the National Museum of Women in the Arts, UK
This organization is devoted to supporting and advancing art by women, past and present, with a connection to the UK, and is part of the network supporting the National Museum of Women in the Arts.
Guerillagirls.com
This group of feminist masked avengers exposes sexism, racism and corruption in politics, art film and pop culture with facts, humor and outrageous visuals.
Leeway Foundation
The Foundation is committed to art making an integral part of social change, to movement building, and anti-oppression work.
National Women’s Studies Association
The organization has as one of its primary objectives promoting and supporting the production and dissemination of knowledge and women and gender through teaching, learning, research and service in academic and other settings
n.paradoxa
The international feminist art journal publishes scholarly and critical articles highlighting feminist art and feminist art theory in relation to work of contemporary women artists. Published by KT press, UK.
Through the Flower Library By and About Women
In 1996,Through the Flower donated over 1000 books by and about women and women’s achievements to the UNM/Valencia Campus library where it is housed in its own area. The collection has since grown to more than 2,100 volumes, all accessible through interlibrary loan.
University of Louisville
Through the Flower has gifted the International Honor Quilt project, consisting of over 600 small quilts honoring women, related documentation and registrarial material, to the University and the Hite Art Institute, where it will be used for educational purposes and permanently available for research and study. The collection including documentation has been digitized and is accessible on the University website.
Women Artists Archives National Directory (WAAND)
This is a web directory to US archival collections of primary source materials by and about women visual artists active in the US since 1945.
Woman Made Gallery
The gallery supports women in the arts through exhibitions which raise public awareness and recognition of women’s cultural contributions, with the goal of ensuring the equal placement of women’s art in the world.
Women’s Building History
The website is dedicated to the history, programs, projects and women behind the feminist art movement of the 1970s.
Women’s Caucus for Art
This national organization of artists, art historians, students, educators, and museum professionals is dedicated to recognizing the contribution of women in the arts; expanding networking and exhibition opportunities for women; supporting local, national and global art activism; and advocating for equity in the arts for all.

Additional recent interviews, articles and podcasts can be found on the Judy Chicago website, which is updated frequently, as well as on the Through the Flower Facebook page.